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The world’s largest hydrogen-battery hybrid mine haul truck starts work

Originally posted on Electrek.co May 6th, 2022

UK-headquartered multinational mining company Anglo American today launched a a prototype of the world’s largest hydrogen-powered mine haul truck in South Africa.

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Biden Administration Announces $3.16 Billion from Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to Boost Domestic Battery Manufacturing and Supply Chains

 

DOE Funding Will Support Growing Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Demands Through Increased Battery Manufacturing, Processing, and Recycling

 

WASHINGTON, D.C. — The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $3.1 billion in funding from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to make more batteries and components in America, bolster domestic supply chains, create good-paying jobs, and help lower costs for families. The infrastructure investments will support the creation of new, retrofitted, and expanded commercial facilities as well as manufacturing demonstrations and battery recycling. DOE is also announcing a separate $60 million to support second-life applications for batteries once used to power EVs, as well as new processes for recycling materials back into the battery supply chain. Both funding opportunities are key components of the Administration’s whole-of-government supply chain strategy to strengthen America’s energy independence to reduce our reliance on competing nations and support the President’s goal to have electric vehicles make up half of all vehicles sales in America by 2030.

“Positioning the United States front and center in meeting the growing demand for advanced batteries is how we boost our competitiveness and electrify our transportation system,” said U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm. “President Biden’s historic investment in battery production and recycling will give our domestic supply chain the jolt it needs to become more secure and less reliant on other nations—strengthening our clean energy economy, creating good paying jobs, and decarbonizing the transportation sector.”

With the global lithium-ion battery market expected to grow rapidly over the next decade, DOE is working with industry to prepare the United States for increased market demand. As of the end of March 2022, more than 2.5 million plug-in electric vehicles have been sold in America, with more than 800,000 of those having been sold since President Biden took office. Battery costs have fallen more than 90% and since 2008, and energy density and performance have increased rapidly, paving the way for an accelerated transition to zero-emission vehicles. Responsible and sustainable domestic sourcing of the critical materials used to make lithium-ion batteries—such as lithium, cobalt, nickel, and graphite—will help avoid or mitigate supply chain disruptions and accelerate battery production in America to meet this demand and support the adoption of electric vehicles.

“For too long, other countries have been outpacing the United States in funding new technologies. We are at a critical moment in our competition to build the next generation of electric vehicles and batteries here in America and to secure Michigan’s automotive leadership in these next generation vehicles. Thanks to our bipartisan efforts in Congress, and with the President’s leadership, this funding will help us win this race by investing in our supply chain and manufacturing here at home. Our workers are the best in the world, and there’s nothing more American than ensuring that our products and technology are built in America,” said Senator Debbie Stabenow (MI).

“I secured provisions in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to support the domestic critical mineral supply chain used in battery production,” said U.S. Senator Catherine Cortez Masto (NV). “Nevada’s innovation economy is at the forefront of battery manufacturing and recycling, and the infrastructure law could bring vital new investments to the state. These grants to grow U.S. battery manufacturing are going to create good-paying jobs, spur our economic competitiveness, and help us combat the climate crisis. I appreciate Secretary Granholm and the dedicated staff of the Department of Energy for advancing this priority in timely manner.”

“The future of mobility is electric – and this support could help to ensure Michigan remains on the forefront of innovation by shoring up our supply chains for advanced battery technologies necessary to deploy the next all-electric fleet,” said U.S. Senator Gary Peters (MI). “I was proud to help secure this funding through the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to lessen our dependence on foreign producers like the Chinese government for these critical technologies – and help our automakers meet the growing demand for cleaner, safer cars.”

“Establishing a new generation of mobility in this country requires bringing our supply chain home, investing in domestic production of minerals and materials for electric vehicle batteries, and creating good-paying, union jobs here in Michigan and the United States,” said U.S Representative Debbie Dingell (MI-12). “Today’s announcement utilizing funding provided by my battery material legislation enacted under the IIJA demonstrates the Biden Administrations commitment to making good on our promise of ensuring half of all auto sales are electric vehicles by 2030. We have a lot of work to do to meet that goal, but today marks an important milestone in our efforts. In the days and weeks ahead, I will continue to bring labor, environmental advocates, industry leaders, and elected officials together to move us forward.”

“The 13th Congressional District is home to many frontline communities that have already seen the devastating impacts of climate change which underline the urgent need for a just and equitable energy transition,” said U.S. Representative Rashida Tlaib (MI-13). “I am thankful to Secretary Granholm and the Department of Energy for visiting our communities and investing in the future with the announcement of funding to increase battery production. This type of funding is what we need to ensure that a green future is accessible to all.  I look forward to continuing to work with the DOE to ensure we rapidly deliver clean, renewable energy and a livable planet for generations to come.”

The “Battery Materials Processing and Battery Manufacturing” and “Electric Drive Vehicle Battery Recycling and Second Life Applications” funding opportunities are aligned with the National Blueprint for Lithium Batteries, authored by the Federal Consortium for Advanced Batteries, and led by DOE and the Departments of Defense, Commerce, and State. The blueprint details a path to bolstering the domestic battery supply by equitably creating a robust and diverse battery workforce by 2030. In alignment with President Biden’s Justice40 initiative, establishing a goal that 40% of the benefits of Federal investments in climate and clean energy flow to disadvantaged communities, applicants for new funding opportunities will be prompted to consider how project benefits can flow to relevant disadvantaged communities. DOE’s Office of Economic Impact and Diversity today issued a letter to Americans that reiterates this mandate as a priority for President Biden’s Administration.

Strengthening America’s Supply Chains 

In response to President Biden’s Executive Order on America’s Supply Chains, DOE issued a 100-day review of the large capacity battery supply chain which recommended establishing domestic production and processing capabilities for critical materials to support a fully domestic end-to-end battery supply chain, as well as investments in battery recycling and the circular economy to increase domestic supply and reduce the future need for new extraction and raw materials.

The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law directs more than $7 billion to strengthen the U.S. battery supply chain, which includes producing and recycling critical minerals without new extraction or mining and sourcing materials for domestic manufacturing. The funding opportunities mark the first to be released as a collaboration between DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the new Office of Manufacturing and Supply Chains, created by DOE’s organizational realignment to ensure that the Department has the structure needed to effectively implement the clean energy investments in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and the Energy Act of 2020. The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law also includes $7.5 billion for electric vehicle chargers, $5 billion for electric transit buses, and $5 billion for clean and electric school buses.

To learn more about these opportunities visit EERE Exchange.

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Could a ‘hydrogen hub’ energize Utah and the West to a cleaner future? [SL Tribune]

Copied from annoucemet from Salt Lake Tribune on April 22nd, 2022

Energy storage and long-haul transportation could be powered by the littlest atoms.

This story is part of The Salt Lake Tribune’s ongoing commitment to identify solutions to Utah’s biggest challenges through the work of the Innovation Lab.

 

Hydrogen is getting the hype these days. Does it have the hope to match?

(Chris Samuels | The Salt Lake Tribune) Renerable Innovations CEO Robert L. Mount demonstrates a mobile electric vehicle charging trailer at the company's facility in American Fork, Friday, April 15, 2022. Using hydrogen as a fuel source, the unit can provide charging in places away from the electric grid.

(Chris Samuels | The Salt Lake Tribune) Renewable Innovations CEO Robert L. Mount demonstrates a mobile electric vehicle charging trailer at the company’s facility in American Fork, Friday, April 15, 2022. Using hydrogen as a fuel source, the unit can provide charging in places away from the electric grid.

In February, Utah Gov. Spencer Cox joined governors from Colorado, New Mexico and Wyoming to announce their pursuit of a federal “hydrogen hub.” The U.S. Department of Energy has allocated $8 billion to establish four such hubs as part of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act passed last year.

“Clean hydrogen is key to cleaning up American manufacturing and slashing emissions from carbon-intensive materials like steel an

d cement while creating good-paying jobs for American workers,” U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm said when announcing the initiative.

With the DOE soon to release a detailed request for proposals, the four states have formed the “Western Inter State Hydrogen Hub”

(WISHH) with the intent of having facilities in all four states.

The first element on the periodic table, hydrogen is just a single proton and electron. But the energy stored in a molecule of two hydrogen atoms – energy that can be liberated without harmful emissions – has made hydrogen a tempting air-quality solution for decades. It burns clean or it can be converted to electricity in fuel cells, with water vapor being the only byproduct.

But to get into the nation’s energy mainstream, hydrogen has to overcome challenges to producing and transporting it. It also is a highly flammable material that requires high-pressure storage, and it has to get past public perceptions over safety.

A cave full of fuel

Hydrogen is found everywhere on earth, but it’s tied up in other materials. There is very little fuel-ready hydrogen to be tapped or mined. It must be created through a variety of processes, some cleaner than others. Those processes take energy, but much of that energy can be later retrieved. In other words, hydrogen works as a battery.

Utah may someday have the largest hydrogen battery in the world. The Intermountain Power Agency (IPA) is working to convert its coal-fired power plant near Delta into a major source of renewable electricity for Los Angeles, powering the plant with “green” hydrogen produced from solar and wind power.

That hydrogen will be stored in a massive underground salt dome below the Millard County power plant so it can be converted into electricity when the sun isn’t shining and the wind isn’t blowing, even months later. The four states’ letter to the Energy Department specifically mentions “favorable geology to support underground storage” as an asset that should be included in the DOE’s hub criteria.

“That is storing renewable energy in the form of green hydrogen in the spring months, where it is produced in excess due to low energy market requirements,” said Rob Webster, chief strategy officer for Magnum Development and ACES Delta, which owns the salt domes and is partnering with IPA. “This renewable energy can then be returned to the market in a variety of ways during months where requirements are peaking.”

But it will take years for IPA to get there. First it is converting the coal plant to burn a combination of natural gas and hydrogen. Over time, the plan is to reduce the natural gas as more hydrogen from renewable sources becomes available.

Powering trucks and trains

Hydrogen fuel cells have been around for years and were once seen as a promising clean-car technology. But lithium batteries have outpaced fuel cells as the alternative for passenger cars.

Bigger vehicles with longer trips will be hydrogen’s niche, says Free Reyes, executive vice president at Lancer Energy. Salt Lake City-based Lancer works with companies to convert their truck fleets from diesel to compressed natural gas, but hydrogen is a growing part of the business.

(Stadler Rail) Artist's rendering shows a hydrogen-powered train being built for Southern California by Stadler Rail. Future hydrogen trains will be built in Utah.

“Weight is 100% why hydrogen is a major factor,” says Reyes. “Today, we have heavy-duty class-8 hydrogen trucks with a range of up to 500 miles, and in 2024 we will have trucks that can go up to 900 miles

without refueling.”

And, importantly for the Wasatch Front, a hydrogen-fueled truck does not contribute air pollution.

(Stadler Rail) Artist’s rendering shows a hydrogen-powered train being built for Southern California by Stadler Rail. Future hydrogen trains will be built in Utah.

That’s also why Stadler Rail is getting into the hydrogen train business. The Swiss-based company is building a hydrogen-fueled passenger train that will run from Redlands to San Bernardino, and eventually to downtown Los Angeles, adding nothing but water vapor to Southern California’s gritty air.

That train is being built in Switzerland, but “future orders for hydrogen trains in the U.S. are expected to be manufactured here in Utah,” said Matt Sibul, director of sales and program development at Stadler’s northwest Salt Lake City plant.

Another Utah company, Renewable Innovations, is focused on providing mobile and stationary power systems to provide hydrogen-fueled electric power where there isn’t a practical way to connect to the power grid.

(Chris Samuels | The Salt Lake Tribune) A mobile power unit that uses hydrogen for energy is on display at Renewable Innovations in American Fork, Friday, April 15, 2022.

Renewable recently announced a collaboration with General Motors to put GM’s hydrogen fuel cells in the company’s electric-vehicle charging stations and other products. The company has a truck-mounted version for charging multiple cars, which they recently demonstrated at an off-road rally that included electric cars. They also have stationary units for rapid charging stations, all powered by hydrogen.

(Chris Samuels | The Salt Lake Tribune) A mobile power unit that uses hydrogen for energy is on display at Renewable Innovations in American Fork, Friday, April 15, 2022.

Lynn Barney, co-founder and chairman of Renewable Innovations, says the rise of electric cars is happening faster than the electric grid can keep up, particularly when rapid charging requires more powr than is available in most convenience stores and gas stations.

“The advantage we offer with hydrogen is we don’t have to wait for the grid upgrade,” said Barney.

 

 

Is hydrogen safe?

Relatively speaking, yes. It’s flammable, and it’s stored under pressure, but the same can be said for other fuels, including propane. Hydrogen requires higher pressures, meaning stronger storage tanks, but unlike fossil fuels it’s not an environmental threat if it leaks. And the DOE points out that because it’s lighter than air, leaks dissipate quickly.

Reyes from Lancer Energy credits the development of lightweight carbon-fiber tanks with making hydrogen trucks more practical. Hydrogen is less “energy dense” than natural gas, so the tanks must be higher pressure. But he says the tanks will actually outlast the trucks and will be tested and redeployed in new trucks.

And Sibul from Stadler Rail said the transit district buying their hydrogen train required that the train run all day without refueling. To do that, the train carries a large, high-pressure hydrogen tank. Sibul said the system had to go through rigorous safety testing. “We have to make absolutely sure the tanks are very strong.”

Can we make enough?

The most economical and widely used way to make hydrogen is to produce it from methane, a fossil fuel. Green hydrogen, which is produced without generating any carbon dioxide, is still more expensive and less common.

The coming refueling station at Utah Inland Port, which is promising to be the cleanest port in the nation, is part of something called Project Beehive, an effort to convert heavy vehicles in Utah to cleaner fuels. The effort includes Bayotech, a company that makes small-scale hydrogen production facilities that could be deployed at fueling stations. Bayotech’s technology is lower carbon than traditional hydrogen production, but it’s not carbon free.

Still, transition to any hydrogen power makes it easier to get all the way to carbon-free hydrogen. A gray hydrogen-fueled system can run on green hydrogen without any alterations.

So reducing the cost of green hydrogen is a crucial factor, and the federal government’s stimulus is intended to build out infrastructure to provide enough economies of scale for a green hydrogen industry to survive on its own.

Why a hydrogen hub?

So can four states that collectively cover 11% of the nation really be considered a “hub”? Here’s what the four states told the DOE:

“We believe “close proximity” should not be defined by geographic distance, but rather by the ability to economically produce and efficiently move clean hydrogen – and hydrogen-derived products – throughout the region and more broadly.”

Also noteworthy, the four states are at the heart of western fossil fuel production, where rural communities are struggling to identify a new path. The states also have an abundance of sun and wind. Combined with hydrogen storage, could those same communities one day see a brighter future?

In that respect, the IPA project outside Delta may be a model. Now coal-driven, it may one day be a sun and wind-driven, hydrogen-fueled clean-energy powerhouse.

And in coal-driven Emery County, they want to help with that future.

Combining hydrogen and natural gas is new technology, and IPA says it is seeking help with that from Emery County’s San Rafael Energy Research Center.

The research center, located just outside Orangeville, is intended to identify and develop technologies that could help Emery County maintain its economy as the nation moves away from coal-fired electricity. That includes looking opportunities around hydrogen.

“IPP will work with SRERC in solving problems specific to hydrogen conversion at a natural gas generating facility, such as grid resource and hydrogen production optimization, as well as fuel cell dynamics,” said the letter from Jon Finlinson, president and COO of Intermountain Power Service Corporation.

Jeremy Pearson, who was recently hired to run the research center, is waiting to see more specifics on the hub plan, but he sees possibilities beyond IPP.

“With hydrogen there are some uphill struggles, but the beauty of it is the low emissions and the sustainability.”

The colors of hydrogen

Hydrogen is an invisible gas, but those who work with hydrogen have developed a color spectrum to identify how it was produced.

Green hydrogen is made by using clean electricity from surplus renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind power, using an electrochemical reaction to split water into hydrogen and oxygen without producing carbon dioxide. From a clean energy standpoint, green hydrogen is the ideal.

Blue hydrogen is produced mainly from natural gas, using a process called steam reforming, which brings together natural gas and heated water in the form of steam. The output is hydrogen – but also carbon dioxide, which must be trapped and stored for the hydrogen to be considered blue.

Gray hydrogen is currently the most common form of hydrogen, and it is widely used in a variety of industrial processes. Gray hydrogen is created from natural gas, or methane, using steam methane reformation but without capturing the carbon dioxide made in the process.

Black or brown hydrogen uses black coal or lignite (brown coal) in the hydrogen-making process. Black and brown hydrogen are the least climate-friendly forms of hydrogen.

Pink Hydrogen is generated through electrolysis powered by nuclear energy. Nuclear-produced hydrogen can also be referred to as purple hydrogen or red hydrogen.

Source: nationalgrid.com

[Subscribe to SL Tribunes newsletter here]

Tim Fitzpatrick is The Salt Lake Tribune’s renewable energy reporter, a position funded by a grant from Rocky Mountain Power. The Tribune retains all control over editorial decisions independent of Rocky Mountain Power.

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FHWA Announces $6.4 Billion Carbon Reduction Program

Copied from annoucemet from FHWA’s Sustainable Transportation Website.

FHWA Announces $6.4 Billion Carbon Reduction Program

Sustainability heading

FHWA Announces $6.4 Billion Carbon Reduction Program

Sustainability heading

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has announced a new program that unlocks $6.4 billion in formula funding for states and localities over five years. The new Carbon Reduction Program (CRP), created under the President’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, will help States develop carbon reduction strategies and address the climate crisis. The CRP will fund a wide range of projects designed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from on-road highway sources — from installing infrastructure to support the electrification of freight vehicles or personal cars, to constructing bus rapid transit corridors, to facilitating micro-mobility and bicycling. For more information about the new Carbon Reduction Program and guidance, please see the Carbon Reduction Program Implementation Guidance and fact sheet.

The CRP program guidance was one of several FHWA releases to celebrate Earth Day 2022 last week. FHWA also announced information on other new programs and funding to lower transportation sector emissions and accelerate the deployment of clean technologies:

For more information on FHWA’s climate change resources, please see FHWA’s Sustainable Transportation Website.

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Policy Education Video Series

 

Policy Education Series: A Review of Utah’s 2022 General Legislative Session

Utah Clean Cities interviewed state legislators, non-profit associates, and our own executive director to help explain legislation pertaining to alternative fuels. 

 

Episode 1: Representative Ballard, H.C.R. 7, and Zero Emission Rail

For the first episode of the Policy Education Series at UCC, Representative Ballard answered questions regarding the resolution she sponsored, “Concurrent Resolution Regarding Improving Air Quality Through Enhanced Zero Emission Rail.” H.C.R. 7, the legislation number for Representative Ballard’s resolution, passed during Utah’s 2022 General Legislative Session. With the resolution’s passage, any “existing locomotives used in railroad and industrial plant switching services” are encouraged to transition to zero emissions. 

 

 

 

Episode 2: Representative Briscoe, Public Transit Fares, and EV Charging Modifications

In the second episode, Representative Briscoe answered questions about two bills he sponsored during the 2022 General Legislative Session: H.B. 164 Public Transit Fares and H.B. 189 Electric Vehicle Charging Modifications. Neither of these bills passed during the session, but Representative Briscoe sparked some interesting conversations for how alternative fuel is implemented in the future. For instance, he talked about Utah Transit Authority’s Free February. For UTA’s full report on Free February, click here.

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Bipartisan Infrastructure Law of 2021 (Resources)

Bipartisan Infrastructure Law of 2021

On Nov. 15, 2021, President Biden signed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs ActPDF (Public Law 117-58, also known as the “Bipartisan Infrastructure Law”) into law. The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) provides $550 billion over fiscal years 2022 through 2026 in new federal investment in infrastructure, including roads, bridges, mass transit, water infrastructure, resilience, and broadband.

This page provides information and resources for four main BIL-funded clean transportation programs for partners:

 

National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program

 

 

NEVI Information and Resources

Feb. 10, 2022, Formula Program “90-Day” GuidancePDF

FHWA NEVI Fact Sheet

Revised FHWA Alternative Fuel Corridors Nomination and Designation GuidancePDF

Charging and Fueling Infrastructure Program: Also called the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program, this provides $2.5 billion over 5 years through discretionary (competitive) grants to eligible entities.1 EV charging, hydrogen, propane (fleets only), and natural gas are included. Eligible sites may be corridors or other publicly accessible locations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

EPA Clean School Bus Program

Clean Bus Program EPA UCC Graphic

 

 

 

Clean School Bus Information and Resources

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Clean School Bus Program

Clean School Bus Funding

Clean School Bus Program Fact Sheet

Clean School Bus Listening Session on Dec. 15, 2021PDF

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Joint Office of Energy and Transportation

 

 

Joint Office Information and Resources

Joint Office of Energy and Transportation

Joint Office Comments and Questions Form

Joint Office Technical Assistance

Joint Office News

DOE and DOT Launch Joint Effort to Build Out Nationwide Electric Vehicle Charging Network

Video of the DOE/DOT Joint Press Conference

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Horse Power & Hydrogen: UCC Presents at 2022 Intermountain Sustainability Summit

Horse Power & Hydrogen

Utah Clean Cities presented a video for the 2022 Intermountain Sustainability Summit hosted by Weber State University.

 

 

In Utah, we are leading the way in developing and expanding hydrogen energy production which will allow our state, and collective region, to offer a full portfolio of advanced, renewable fuels thus ensuring commercial fleets have access to clean fuels across the west, in our state, and ideally, throughout our nation’s major corridors. As the trifecta of clean energy, methane capture – electric – hydrogen.

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Agone National Lab: EVs vs. Conventional Vehicles Webinar

 Argonne’s Science at Work webinar comparing EVs with conventional vehicles

 

For more details, check out the following materials:

 

Argonne National Laboratory

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Answers to questions asked during the webinar

  1. What type of crude oil is used for the comparison? Different crude oils have different refining needs.
    • Answer: Indeed, oil source matters since it can affect API gravity, sulfur content, transportation distances (and transit method), etc. The GREET model considers crude from multiple global sources including the United States, Canada (oil sands and conventional), Mexico, the Middle East, Latin America, and Africa. We also account for a portion of ethanol within the fuel consistent with U.S. average conditions.
  1. How many miles are you assuming in your life cycle emissions?
    • Answer: Lifetime miles are based on average vehicle driving distance by vintage and survivability from the VISION model. For midsize cars in the U.S., this is 173,151 lifetime miles. Note that mileage serves to amortize the vehicle production burdens but does not impact the Fuel Cycle.
  1. I assume Natural Gas in this chart is just fossil. It does not include Renewable Natural Gas.
    • Answer: Yes, the chart only shows average natural gas in the U.S. We could also provide RNG.
  1. For electricity production, are the GHG emissions just associated at the power plant?
    • Answer: No, this is life cycle, thus it includes all aspects of fuel production and consumption. So, for this, and for every other fuel or material, this goes all the way back to extraction from earth and includes all processes used to provide a usable form of the fuel/material.
  1. Does this model also work for MD and HD commercial vehicles?
    • Answer: Yes, GREET also has well-to-wheel (WTW) results for many diverse MHDV, and further has the vehicle cycle for Class 6 Pickup and Delivery, and Class 8 Sleeper- and Day-cab MDHV, thus we have cradle-to-grave results for those 3 classes (multiple powertrains).
  1. Can you provide a similar analysis for resource depletion and mining waste during manufacturing, comparing BEVs to ICEVs?
    • Answer: GREET does not currently have resource depletion analyses.
  1. Can you comment on resource depletion and the effect of battery recycling?
    • Answer: GREET does not currently have resource depletion analyses. But the effect of battery recycling would be to reduce the rate at which resources are depleted.
  1. I’d be interested in seeing a GREET comparison with a conventional vehicle getting 50 mpg.
    • Answer: My back-of-the-envelope analysis indicates that improving the gasoline vehicle from 31 to 50 MPGGE (Miles per Gallon of Gasoline Equivalent) would reduce the life cycle GHG emissions to 275 g CO2e/mile (Grams CO2 Equivalent per Mile).
  1. How would a Hybrid compare with an EV?
    • Answer: A comparable hybrid would achieve ~46 MPGGE, so it would be slightly worse than the 50 MPGGE results noted above, but it would also have a battery, motor, generator, and electronic controller, which would add slightly to the vehicle cycle, but not nearly as much as the battery for the EV.
  1. Can you provide a similar analysis for all air-pollution (not just GHG, but including PM2.5, NOX, SOX, etc.)
    • Answer: We have such capabilities with the GREET model.
  1. I’d love to see a future seminar when the comparison is a Full Hybrid, PHEV and EV. I think everyone accepts the results for conventional ICE.
  1. Looking at the EV split on the last slide, I didn’t see any upstream emissions. Does this model also include the GHG emissions for production and maintenance of the different types of facilities and the overall life expectancy?
    • Answer: I believe the question is mistaken, the EVs only have upstream, but no tailpipe emissions. From the frame of the vehicle, all electricity emissions are upstream. We account for all emissions associated with fuel production and energy generation. We do not, in our baseline configuration, account for the construction and maintenance of infrastructure as this is amortized over a very large quantity of delivered product (electricity in this case) and is thus very small.
  1. How would this comparison look for an HEV or PHEV?
  1. How much energy is consumed recycling batteries?
    • Answer: That can be considered using Argonne’s EverBatt model. Within this analysis we use a conservative approach and assume that no recycling credits are provided for recycled batteries. https://www.anl.gov/egs/everbatt
  1. What does the landscape for recycling discharged EV vehicles look like?
    • Answer: This is outside the scope of this presentation, but Argonne’s ReCell Center (https://recellcenter.org/) is actively looking at advanced EV battery recycling approaches.
  1. How hard is it to swap the batteries in EVs?
    • Answer: This is beyond the scope of my analyses. But it has not yet been profitably achieved on a broad scale for EVs. This is more of a vehicle design issue coupled with a planning and logistics challenge than an LCA issue.
  1. How do you model environment impact of the increased competition for rare minerals with demand increasing and quality of ore decreasing?
    • Answer: For the GREET model, we use the best available public data to determine the energy and material input needs of all materials, this is typically static or retrospective in nature. However, as noted, increased demand for materials will place a pressure on global ores with the likely effect of lower ores grades. Such dynamic elements are not included for materials within GREET at present. The general observation, however, is that as ore grade decreases the amount of energy required per tonne of final material should increase (all other conditions being equal).

 

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Utah Hosts USDOT to Collect Feedback on their Charge Forward Initiative

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Under its ROUTES initiative, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) released Charging Forward: A Toolkit for Planning and Funding Rural Electric Mobility Infrastructure in February 2022 as a one-stop shop for rural entities looking to plan, fund, and implement EV charging infrastructure and projects. 

In partnership with the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (USDOT’s), Utah Clean Cities and Grand County Economic Development Office hosted one of these workshops with the goal to collect input on the rural electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure toolkit Charging Forward Toolkit directly from local rural leaders and communities. 

Grand County Economic Development helped to facilitate a meeting between stakeholders including the US Department of Transportation, the US Department of Energy, and the Utah Clean Cities Coalition on the prospect of electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure funding in our region as part of an EV corridor including Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho. Utah Clean Cities Coalition is serving as the prime of this project and their executive director, Tammie Bostick. 

USDOT is actively working with Clean Cities Coalitions to organize workshops with rural communities across the country to (1) obtain feedback on the toolkit content and inform a revised version, planned for Summer 2022; and (2) facilitate knowledge exchange within rural communities on getting started with EV charging projects. USDOT is seeking feedback on this first version of the toolkit—with a goal to release a revised version this summer. The workshops bring together 10-20 stakeholders from a single community or region, with participants representing diverse community and planning roles.

“We are excited to focus one of these workshops on Moab and surrounding areas. Being in Moab today is an incredible opportunity for all of rural Utah. Today, We bring together  leadership with the possible vision of electrified transportation. Our goal in bringing resources to rural Utah communities is to ensure equity, funding access, and the tools to secure opportunities to build out zero emission technologies and renewable fuels” said Tammie Bostick, Executive Director of Utah Clean Cities. 

This workshop is also a part of the Utah Clean Cities Coalitions Drive Clean Rural USA – Rural Utah Project focused on helping rural counties transition to cleaner fuels and vehicles. This project provides outreach, education, and technical assistance to local county decision makers to support opportunities for transitioning fleets to cleaner fuels and vehicles. Support county governments transition their fleets to cleaner fuels and vehicles. 

For more information on this workshop and projects, please contact Tammie Bostick at tammie.bostick@utahcleancities.org

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Atlas Disposal Ribbon Cutting

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Salt Lake City, UT, March 22, 2022 —  Utah Clean Cities rallied with key Utah leadership in the transportation sector and with clean air advocates today at the Atlas Disposal green-fleet ribbon cutting in west Salt Lake.  The event was moderated by Free Reyes of Lancer Energy and the speakers included: Thom Carter, Governor’s Energy Advisor; Kim Frost, Utah Clean Air Partnership; Tammie Bostick, Utah Clean Cities; and Dell Loy Hansen, Atlas founder.  Over sixty clean air advocates and transportation leaders toured the new facility and applauded the breadth and depth of ingenuity in this modern facility with large solar arrays and high tech fueling options.

Atlas Disposal has invested over $5 Million in a new Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) fueling station and fleet of 16 CNG Refuse Trucks. This new fueling station is located on their property in west Salt Lake City off of I-80 near the airport.  The station can fuel up to 40 refuse trucks simultaneously and includes a public access station for fast-filling CNG/RNG at 14 GGE per minute– making it the fastest CNG filling station in Utah.

Using state-of-the-art technologies with fast-fueling innovation is what sets this advanced station above the rest for fleet satisfaction and environmental stewardship commitment,“The super station we are touring today is a testimony of sound business practices and regard to the carbon-constrained air shed along Utah’s Wasatch front,” stated Tammie Bostick, director of Utah Clean Cities, a non-profit organization dedicated to clean fuels, clean air and clean strategies, “ We here at the Atlas station, renewable fuels at the pump, renewable energy in the form of solar electricity, and a off-grid fast charger from FreeWire technologies that operates on battery storage for resilience and shaves peak energy demands for efficiency.” added Bostick. The fueling station and electric vehicle DC fast charger uses electricity from its on-site 325kW solar canopy array with 400kWH of battery storage that has the peak output capability of 120kW.

The new technologies in a modern CNG fleet have significantly lower emissions than its diesel counterparts: 50% less fine particulate matter and 90% less carbon monoxide. “We all share ownership and responsibility for Utah’s air quality. We applaud Atlas for leading its industry by making this significant investment in new clean natural gas refuse trucks to help contribute to a better air quality solution.” stated Kim Frost, executive director at Utah Clean Air Partnership (UCAIR).

Nick Sikich, president at Atlas Disposal was closely involved with the decisions that led to the Atlas mission to commit fully to renewable natural gas and electric fueling, “There is no silver bullet to solving Utah’s air quality, but every small change adds to a collective bigger step toward better health, a better economy, and better overall quality of life for all of us. Atlas Disposal is excited to announce a new eco-friendlier fleet of 16 CNG Refuse trucks and a new innovative CNG/RNG fueling station that is open to the public. Lowering our emissions is of utmost importance to us as a company and guides our overall operating decisions.”

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About Atlas Disposal

Atlas Disposal Industries was established in March of 1998 in response to the new recycling mandates that were passed by the State of California. With an active team focused on educating local businesses about their recycling potential, Atlas emerged as the fastest growing waste management and recycling removal company in the area. Today, Atlas Disposal is one of the largest waste management and recycling service providers with operations in Sacramento, Salt Lake City, and Phoenix.  Atlas Disposal has the advantage of local customer service and billing to respond quickly to any questions or concerns that customers might have.  ReFuel Energy Partners, a division of Atlas Disposal, currently operates public CNG fueling stations in Sacramento, San Jose, and now Salt Lake.  Atlas Disposal believes in being good stewards of the communities they serve by letting their core value of environmental preservation help guide their business decisions.

About Utah Clean Cities

Web: utahcleancities.org

Through the Beyond Zero Green Fleet Program, Utah Clean Cities, UCC, seeks to recognize those in Utah’s transportation sectors who have committed to developing zero-emission fleet goals through the adoption and expansion of alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies.

The mission of the Utah Clean Cities Coalition is to advance the energy, economic, and environmental security of the United States by supporting local decisions to adopt practices that reduce the use of petroleum in the transportation sector. Working closely with the Department of Energy’s Clean Cities programs, federal and state government, as well as our local stakeholders, we leverage our resources to bring funding into Utah to support the development and deployment of advanced fuel infrastructure and vehicles with an emphasis on renewable energies and technologies.